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Friday, June 4, 2010


D12 (also known as D-12 and The Dirty Dozen) is an American hip hop group from Detroit, Michigan. D12 has had chart-topping albums in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia. D12 was formed in 1996, but only achieved mainstream success when one of its members, Eminem, rose to international fame and notoriety. D12 has sold over 10 million albums worldwide.

Early career

D12 was the original concept of Detroit MC Proof as a local rap collective. It has included, amongst others, Bizarre (Rufus Arthur Johnson), Eminem (Marshall Bruce Mathers III), Eye-Kyu, Bugz (Karnail Paul Pitts) Proof (DeShaun Dupree Holton) and Presto Genie (Preston Randell Huddleston II). The idea was to form a Dirty Dozen of Detroit's most talented rappers, in the vein of Wu-Tang Clan. Initially however, they had problems finding this many rappers locally with enough talent. Rappers such as Fuzz Scoota, Killa Hawk, B-Flat and Dirrty Ratt were all once affiliated with D12, but most left the group during its early stages. According to Eminem's book Angry Blonde, Fuzz in particular did not get along well with Bizarre.

In order to make up the dozen, it was decided the six members at the time would each create an alter-ego Proof chose Dirty Harry, Bizarre became Peter S. Bizarre, Kuniva became Hannz G. (which later became Rondell Beene), Denaun chose Kon Artis, Bugz became Robert Beck and Eminem created the character Slim Shady.

In 1997 and through 1998, it's members began establishing reputations locally. Bizarre was named Inner City Entertainment's "Flava of the Week" and went on to release an album called Attack of the Weirdos. Along with Eminem, Rah Digga and Young Zee he became an honorary member of The Outsidaz. Proof won a freestyling competition run by The Source. During this period members of the group were seen getting into a fight with three strangers outside of a Detroit bar in 1998.

D12 went through many changes during the early days even becoming temporarily inactive when, after being heard by Dr. Dre, Eminem left to pursue a solo career. Around the time of Eminem's first record deal, Proof attempted to bring new life to D12. He managed to recruit local Detroit hip hop duo Da Brigade which was composed of longtime friend of Eminem and Proof Denaun and local MC Kuniva. At the time Denaun Porter was the group's producer and later produced Eminem's first album Infinite, but was persuaded by his partner Kuniva to join him in the group as an artist. Later the group was joined by Bugz and needing one more member, Bugz introduced his long time friend Swifty, who at the time was a member of rap duo Da Rabeez.
Rise to fame
Main article: Eminem

The first member of the group to achieve solo success was Eminem. After he recorded an independent EP called The Slim Shady EP in 1997 that caught the attention of famed rap producer Dr. Dre and Interscope CEO Jimmy Iovine, and he was quickly signed to Aftermath/Interscope. Eminem stuck to his pact, and Dr. Dre once stated that while making The Slim Shady LP, his debut album, he kept insisting that he go back to sign the others. Dr. Dre told him to first establish himself as a solo artist, then go back for his friends.

In 1999 he released his hit debut The Slim Shady LP and quickly rose to super stardom as The Slim Shady LP went on to sell four million copies in the United States. Having taken Dre's advice, he had established himself as a solo artist and decided it was time to gather his friends. As a way to establish D12, he created Shady Records under the Interscope imprint. He then made D12 the first act to be signed to Shady/Interscope Records. The group toured with Eminem after they signed with Shady Records.
Death of Bugz

Prior to a show in Detroit, Bugz attended a picnic at which an incident took place that led to his fatal assault. An argument with a man over a water-pistol fight escalated, the man went to his SUV to retrieve a firearm which he then fired in Bugz's direction. He was shot four times as well as being hit by the assailant's vehicle as he fled the scene. The incident, on May 21, 1999, was captured on video and shown later that day on local news.

Members of the group were shaken by the tragic incident, darkening the mood within the collective. One of his final acts had been to request that Swifty join the group. Unfortunately, a few weeks after Swifty joined, Bugz was killed. Many of the remaining members started to believe the group was finished. Following the death of Bugz, Eminem volunteered as replacement in order to fulfil the groups forthcoming obligations. This led to Eminem eventually rejoining the group.

In memory of Bugz, the group recorded the track "Good Die Young" on their second album D12 World. The album also included a song titled "Bugz '97", which was a 1997 recording of Bugz, originally from the song "Desperados". All five members of D12 bear a tattoo of his name somewhere on their bodies in remembrance of him. The group recorded their first LP Devil's Night in his memory. Eminem's second album The Marshall Mathers LP was also dedicated to Bugz.

The group has released two albums, Devil's Night and D12 World. Both albums debuted at number one on the Billboard music charts in the U.S. and topped the charts in many other countries. The two albums' hit singles included "Purple Pills", "Fight Music", "My Band", and "How Come".

In August 2001, D12 and Esham were kicked off the Warped Tour after members of the group allegedly physically attacked Esham over the lyrics of his song "Chemical Imbalance," which contained a reference to Eminem's daughter. Eminem was not present during the tour.

The group was often overshadowed by Eminem's massive success, and toured without him for the second album while Eminem was busy recording Encore. Although shadowed by Eminem's success, other members Bizarre and Proof managed to prevail with mildly successful solo careers with the releases of Hannicap Circus and Searching for Jerry Garcia in 2005. D12 (minus Eminem) appeared on Tech N9ne's 2002 album entitled Absolute Power on the track "She-Devil". They also decided that Eminem would not be as prominent on their upcoming third album, which remains evident even after Proof's death. Their third album is estimated to be 70% completed without any input from Eminem. However, in June 2009, Eminem confirmed he was also working hard on the group's 3rd studio album on an announcement made on Rap city during an interview with Eminem and Denaun Porter. The group recorded a song for Eminem's upcoming studio album Recovery titled "Hit me With Your Best Shot".
Death of Proof
Proof (rapper)

On April 11, 2006, Proof died from a gunshot wound at a club in Detroit, after fatally shooting Keith Bender, Jr., after an argument over a game of pool. Proof was then shot by the bouncer Mario Etheridge, Bender's cousin. At St. John Health's Conner Creek Campus, he was pronounced dead on arrival shortly thereafter. He was buried on April 19 in The Fellowship Chapel, Detroit, to a full house of 2,660 with thousands mourning outside.
Swift's incarceration

On April 21, 2006, Swifty was arrested in Novi, Michigan, after he failed to appear in court. He skipped the court date to attend fallen group-member Proof's funeral, where he served as an honorary pallbearer. Swift was on probation from a drunk-driving case and served two days in jail in October 2005 for failing a drug-test when they found alcohol in his blood stream. Swift was sentenced by District Court Judge Brian MacKenzie to 93 days in jail for violating terms of his probation. His incarceration stalled the recording process of D12's third album, and prevented him from appearing in magazine interviews or being reached for comment on Proof's death. He was then released and worked on the third D12 album.
Third album

As of March 4, 2010, D12 have started work on their third studio album.

D12 will perform at the Wireless Festival in London's Hyde Park in July.
Benzino/The Source

Rapper Eminem was granted "2/5 mics" for his sophomore effort, The Marshall Mathers LP, by infamous Hip-Hop magazine The Source during early 2000. This did not go over well with Eminem, and he mocked The Source in a few songs. However, an argument did not follow until Source co-owner, Ramond 'Benzino' Scott, released a diss track aimed at Eminem, and granted his own rap group's album "4/5" mics, as well as a front page cover on the magazine. Beef quickly ensued, where Eminem, along with Shady Records artists, 50 Cent, Obie Trice, and D12 ripped apart The Source's credibility, citing that nowadays with Scott as the owner, the magazine was corrupt. Competing Hip Hop magazine, XXL also became entangled with the feud, and eventually Scott retired (unofficially fired) from The Source. Since then, Benzino has attempted to discredit the reputation of Eminem and other upcoming artists such as Slaughterhouse and Shady Records by leaking racist comments made by a youthful Eminem. Eminem's last known response to Benzino was on the track, "Like Toy Soldiers".
Everlast/Limp Bizkit

In the early 2000s, Eminem was notified while on the Anger Management Tour that former House Of Pain member, Everlast, had mocked him on a song. Everlast claimed that while passing by Mathers in a hotel lobby, Mathers gave him a "weird look." Taking offense to this, Eminem quickly began work on a retaliatory song, "I Remember"and later teamed up with D12 to make the song, "Quitter". It was reported that long-time friends of Eminem, group Limp Bizkit, were meant to be featured on "Quitter", but Fred Durst canceled at the last moment. The record continued its release without featuring Limp Bizkit, causing the Everlast-Mathers dispute to continue. In a TRL interview, Limp Bizkit member DJ Lethal made a statement that if Mathers and Everlast were to fight in real life, Everlast would win. This angered Eminem to the point of rage, and an insulting track aimed at both Everlast and Limp Bizkit appeared on D12's mainstream debut, Devil's Night, as a hidden track called "Girls". Recently, things seem to have settled, and Eminem has no longer been heard insulting Everlast or Limp Bizkit. It is currently unknown if the dispute is resolved.
Chart success

Their debut album, Devil's Night, referring to the old Detroit tradition of setting abandoned buildings on fire the night before Halloween, was released in June 2001. It debuted at number one on the U.S. and British charts, also reaching the top of the Canadian charts. Devil's Night went on to sell four million albums worldwide and two million in the U.S. It featured the following hit singles:

* "Purple Hills" (the clean version of "Purple Pills") reached the top twenty on the Billboard 100 and number one on the rap tracks charts in 2001 as well as number two in the UK and the top ten in Australia.
* "Shit on You" reached the British top ten and the Canadian top five.
* "Flight Music", (the clean version of "Fight Music"), featuring Ice T, Angie Martinez and Fat Joe in its music video, reached the British top twenty and the Australian top forty.

The group's second album was D12 World released on April 27, 2004, featuring production by Dr. Dre, Eminem, Kon Artis and Kanye West, and guest appearances by Obie Trice on the track "Loyalty", and B-Real of Cypress Hill on the track "American Psycho II". It debuted at the top of the U.S., UK, and Australian album charts, and number two in Germany — selling over half a million records in its first week of release in the U.S. alone. "My Band", the album's first single, was also successful reaching number one in Australia, New Zealand and the U.S. rhythmic top forty, the top five in the UK and Germany, and the top ten on the Billboard Hot 100.
Appearances in film

The members of the group have also, on occasion, turned to acting. Eminem is the lead actor in 8 Mile and has a cameo appearance in The Wash, while Proof also appears in 8 Mile as a freestyle rapper called "Lil' Tic". The group (without Eminem) appear in 2005's The Longest Yard credited as "Basketball Convicts" although at one point Eminem can be heard rapping about football while the convicts are practicing. The group recorded the song "My Ballz" for The Longest Yard soundtrack.

D12 member Eminem was set to star in a new film, as of 2006, titled Have Gun — Will Travel, a modernized remake of the 1957 cowboy western television series of the same name. The rest of the group was previously stated to be producing and starring in two movies, one titled Devil's Night — a horror film, and another titled Runyon Cash — about growing up in the streets of Detroit. Since this statement however, there has been no official word about these releases. The movie has now been delayed until 2010.

Studio Albums

* Devil's Night (2001)
* D12 World (2004)
* (TBA) (2010)

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Shady Records

Shady Records is an American record label specializing in hip hop music. Eminem and his manager Paul Rosenberg founded the label in 1999 after the release of The Slim Shady LP.

The label has signed eight acts over the years, earning RIAA certifications of platinum or higher on fourteen of its fifteen released albums. Signed acts include Eminem, D12, 50 Cent, Cashis, Slim da Mobster & Slaughterhouse, whilst former acts include Obie Trice, Stat Quo, Bobby Creekwater & DJ Green Lantern.


After Eminem released The Slim Shady LP, he started his own record label in late 1999 with his manager, Paul Rosenberg. Eminem looked for an avenue to release his Detroit-based rap group, D12, and Rosenberg was keen to start a label, which lead to the two teaming up to form Shady Records.D12 was the first to be signed as they have been rapping together since the 1990s, and the members had made a promise that whoever became successful would come back and sign the others. In June 2001, D12 released Devil's Night, peaking at number one on the Billboard 200.Next to be signed to Shady Records was Detroit rapper Obie Trice. Obie Trice was introduced to Eminem through D12 member Bizarre. Eminem signed him in June 2001 as the second Shady Records act. Obie Trice first got public attention via a freestyle skit on the Devil's Night album.

While working on the film 8 Mile, Eminem had a meeting with then small time New York rapper 50 Cent. Eminem had heard 50 Cent's early mixtapes, taken them to Dr. Dre and offered him the chance to work together on the artist. 50 Cent became the first artist signed to Shady Records and Aftermath Entertainment. The 8 Mile soundtrack was the second Shady Records album to be released. The first single was "Lose Yourself", which earned multiple nominations and became a surprise win of an Academy Award for Best Original Song, the first time a hip hop song had ever won the award. The second single was 50 Cent's "Wanksta", which was released as a buzz track and became popular in 50 Cent's home town. During this time, Eminem had also made a deal with DJ Green Lantern, who released the label's first mixtape, Invasion!, in 2002. He was to DJ for Eminem during the Anger Management Tour, and by the end of 2003, DJ Green Lantern became the fourth act signed to Shady Records.

The third release from Shady Records was 50 Cent's Get Rich or Die Tryin', in February 2003 (which was also released under Aftermath Entertainment). The album became the 2nd fastest selling debut in U.S. history, after Eminem's The Marshall Mathers LP. Next to be released from Shady Records was Obie Trice's debut album, Cheers, six months later. Despite having been a commercial success, the album was considered overshadowed by 50 Cent's music at the time. In 2002 and 2003, Shady Records was involved in several controversies with the likes of the inherited Murder Inc. feud that 50 Cent and G-Unit was involved in, on-going problems with the previous co-owners of The Source magazine, namely Benzino, as well as escalating issues with rapper Royce da 5'9", who was previously a friend of Eminem and D12.

Near the end of 2003, Dr. Dre and Eminem signed a joint deal with Atlanta rapper Stat Quo. Stat Quo became the second artist to be signed to Shady/Aftermath, after 50 Cent. The following year saw the release of D12's second album, D12 World. Also, in 2004, Eminem and Rosenberg began a venture offered by Sirius Satellite Radio that saw the airing of their uncensored hip hop radio station, Shade 45.Shady Records DJ, DJ Green Lantern, was given his own show, whilst 50 Cent's G-Unit DJ, DJ Whoo Kid, co-hosted G-Unit Radio on Saturdays.


2005 saw the release of 50 Cent's second release, The Massacre, which set a record as the sixth fastest selling album since Nielsen SoundScan started tracking albums in 1991, with 1.14 million albums sold in four days.The album was a commercial success, and was only 32,000 records away from being the best-selling album of the year. On "Piggy Bank", a song off of the album, 50 Cent insulted several artists, including Jadakiss. The feud between Jadakiss and 50 Cent indirectly led to DJ Green Lantern leaving Shady Records. A few months after the release of The Massacre, Jadakiss appeared on a street DVD, and had DJ Green Lantern on loudspeaker through his phone, without Green Lantern being aware of this. The DJ shared his thoughts on how to deal with the feud. When the DVD was released and Eminem found out about what happened, Green Lantern had to leave Shady Records and Shade 45, and his upcoming album, Armageddon, was no longer a Shady Records-related project. Alchemist was signed on as the official tour DJ for Eminem on the 2005 Anger Management 3 Tour, replacing the recently-ousted DJ Green Lantern.
Magazine cover of XXL Presents Shade 45

In August 2005, Eminem and the XXL magazine teamed up to release a special issue titled XXL Presents Shade 45, and was designed to give maximum exposure to Shade 45 as a radio station, and at the same time give maximum exposure to the Shady Records label as a whole, as well as the radio DJ's and G-Unit Records' artists. XXL executive publisher, Jonathan Rheingold, stated that typically magazines based around particular artists were not favorable, but "since Shade 45 is a truly authentic and uncensored rap radio channel, the marriage with the XXL brand made sense," before adding that it's what would interest rap fans. 2005 also saw the signing of Bobby Creekwater to the label, making him the sixth artist and the second Atlanta-based rapper.

In early 2006, Cashis, a Chicago-born Orange County, California-based rapper joined Shady Records, after he managed to get his demo/mixtape heard by Eminem. Later in 2006, Obie Trice released his second album, Second Round's on Me. However, the album did not fare as well commercially as his debut, seemingly because of the state of the hip-hop industry. The album saw a change in Obie Trice's style, whose first album was considered to be a little light-hearted. Second Round's on Me was considered to be a more serious, dark album, mainly showing the grittiness of Obie Trice's life and surroundings.

In early 2006 there had been talk of Eminem having the label's roster on a mixtape with new material to be presented by DJ Whoo Kid and The Alchemist.This talk went on for several months. In the end, it was announced that Eminem was so impressed with the mixtape material that he had decided to make it an official album, called Eminem Presents the Re-Up. The album had been long anticipated, until it was released in early December 2006. The release had spawned the single "You Don't Know", which featured 50 Cent, Lloyd Banks, and the latest signee Cashis.

In May 2007, Cashis released the eight-track The County Hound EP in an attempt to have people "fiend" for his music, or garner interest in it. The album was released as a limited edition EP. September saw the release of 50 Cent's third album with the label, Curtis, which was involved in a well publicized competition with rapper Kanye West, who had his third album, Graduation set for release on the same day. In June 2008, Obie Trice departed from the label. A misunderstanding was made where it was believed he was attacking the label and Eminem on a single titled "The Giant" but they were quickly dismissed. Stat Quo was also released from the label in 2008, citing differences in direction, with 2009 bringing the departure of Bobby Creekwater who had been working on his debut album, A Brilliant Mistake. It has been reported that hip hop supergroup Slaughterhouse will be joining Shady Records with member Royce da 5'9" confirming talks between both sides then later stating that the deal should be done in Late April to early May.
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Eminem discography

Eminem, an American rapper, has released six studio albums, three compilations, one extended play, twenty-nine singles, five video albums and one soundtrack. His music has been released on record labels Web Entertainment and Interscope Records, along with subsidiaries Aftermath Entertainment, Goliath Artists and Shady Records. Eminem is the best-selling rapper of all-time and the best-selling artist of the 2000s with US album sales at over 32.2 million and worldwide album sales standing at over 80 million. Eminem has sold over thirty-five million albums in the United States as a solo artist; and has earned forty-two platinum certifications from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). In this discography, music videos and collaborations are included as well.

In 1996, Eminem released his first studio album, Infinite, under Web Entertainment. The album sold about a thousand copies and failed to rank on national charts. After signing a contract with Interscope Records and Aftermath Entertainment, the rapper released his sophomore and commercial debut album The Slim Shady LP in 1999 and reached the number two spot on the Billboard 200, and received four platinum certifications in the United States from the RIAA. In the same year, the rapper, along with manager Paul Rosenberg, founded the imprint label Shady Records.In the subsequent year, Eminem released his third studio album The Marshall Mathers LP, which sold 1.76 million copies in its first week of distribution, breaking records for the fastest-selling hip hop album of all-time and the fastest-selling solo album in the United States. With more than ten million copies sold, the album was the third best-selling record of the year in the United States, where it also earned nine platinum certifications. The lead single "The Real Slim Shady" became Eminem's first song to enter in the top ten of the Billboard Hot 100. "Stan" was the most successful single outside of the States, while it failed to reach the top fifty in the rapper's home country.

In 2002, Eminem's fourth album, The Eminem Show, debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 and reached the top spot on various charts internationally, as it went on to sell over nineteen million copies worldwide. In the United States, The Eminem Show was the highest-selling album of the year, with sales of almost ten million copies. The album received eight platinum certifications from both the RIAA and New Zealand's Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. The album also received a diamond certification in Canada, equivalent to the shipment of one million units. In the same year, Eminem's "Lose Yourself", from the 8 Mile soundtrack, became the rapper's first number one song on the Hot 100 and remained on the top for twelve weeks. The song also reached the top of various national charts worldwide. The 8 Mile soundtrack peaked to the number one position in the United States, where it sold more than four million of the nine million copies distributed internationally.

In 2004, Eminem's fifth studio album Encore became the rapper's third consecutive studio album to reach number one in the United States, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and United Kingdom. Sales, however, were significantly less than the two previous studio albums, with over five million sold copies in the United States and eleven million worldwide. Much success for Encore's singles came from the United Kingdom, where "Just Lose It" and "Like Toy Soldiers" went on to top the UK Singles Chart and two other songs, "Mockingbird" and "Ass Like That" reached position number four. Eminem released in 2005 a greatest hits album Curtain Call: The Hits, which sold almost three million copies in the US and received a double platinum certification from RIAA. In the following year, Shady Records released Eminem Presents: The Re-Up, a compilation album performed by Eminem along various artists from the record label. The album received a platinum certification from the RIAA in 2007 and sold slightly over a million copies in the United States.

In 2009, the song "Crack a Bottle", a collaboration with label-mates Dr. Dre and 50 Cent, became Eminem's second number one on the Hot 100 and broke the record for opening week download sales in the United States, with 418,000 copies sold in the first week. After a break of more than four years, Relapse, Eminem's sixth studio album, was released in 2009 and was the rapper's fourth consecutive studio album to once again top the Australia, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom and US as well as various worldwide charts, with domestic sales of over one million copies to-date. A follow-up album, Recovery, was set to be released in the second half of 2009[2] but is now tentatively set for a 2010 release. Eminem has achieved 20 top ten hits in the United Kingdom including 7 number 1 singles.

Main articles:Eminem
Studio albums
Year Album details Peak chart positions Sales Certifications
(sales thresholds)

1996 Infinite

* Released: November 12, 1996
* Label: Aftermath,
Interscope, Web (90287)
* Format: CD, CS, MD

— — — — — — — — — —

* Unknown

1999 The Slim Shady LP

* Released: February 23, 1999[30]
* Label: Aftermath,
* Format: CD, CS, MD

2 1 49 7[b] 9 51 23 40 25[b] 10

* Unknown

* US: 4× Platinum
* AUS: Platinum
* CAN: 2× Platinum
* UK: 2× Platinum

2000 The Marshall Mathers LP

* Released: May 23, 2000[34]
* Label: Aftermath, Interscope
* Format: CD, CS, MD, LP

1 1 1 1 1 3 1 2 2 1

* US: 10,200,000[3]
* World: 19,000,000[35]

* US: 9× Platinum
* AUS: 4× Platinum
* CAN: 8× Platinum
* UK: 6× Platinum

2002 The Eminem Show

* Released: May 28, 2002
* Label: Aftermath, Interscope, Shady
* Format: CD, CS, MD, LP

1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1

* US: 9,800,000[3]
* World: 19,000,000

* US: 8× Platinum
* AUS: 8× Platinum
* CAN: Diamond
* UK: 4× Platinum

2004 Encore

* Released: November 12, 2004
* Label: Aftermath, Interscope
* Format: CD, CS, MD, LP

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1

* World: 11,000,000

* US: 4× Platinum
* AUS: 6× Platinum
* IRE: 5× Platinum
* UK: 3× Platinum
* NZ: 5× Platinum

2009 Relapse

* Released: May 15, 2009
* Label: Aftermath, Interscope
* Format: CD, MD, LP

1 1 1 1 1 2 1 3 2 1

* US: 1,891,000

* AUS: Platinum
* UK: Platinum
* NZ: Platinum
* SWI: Platinum

2010 Recovery

* Released: June 22, 2010
* Label: Aftermath, Interscope, Shady
* Format: CD, MD, LP

To be released
Compilation albums
Year Album details Peak chart positions Sales Certifications
US 200
Us R&B

2002 Music from and Inspired by
the Motion Picture 8 Mile

* Various artists soundtrack
* Released: October 29, 2002
* Label: Interscope, Shady,
UMG soundtracks (493508)
* Format: CD, CS, MD, LP

1 1 1 6 1 1 1 10 3 1

* US: 4,000,000
* World: 9,000,000

* US: 4× Platinum
* AUS: 4× Platinum
* CAN: 5× Platinum
* NZ: 4× Platinum
* UK: Silver

2005 Curtain Call: The Hits

* Greatest hits album
* Released: December 6, 2005
* Label: Aftermath, Interscope,
Shady (5881)
* Format: CD, MD, LP

1 2 1 10 1 7 1 6 5 1

* US: 2,900,000
* World: 5,000,000

* US: 2× Platinum
* AUS: 3× Platinum
* IRE: 7× Platinum
* NZ: 4× Platinum
* UK: 3× Platinum

2006 Eminem Presents: The Re-Up

* Various artists album
* Released: December 4, 2006
* Label: Interscope, Shady (8502)
* Format: CD, MD, LP

2 2 17 44 2 15 1 — 9 3

* US: 1,051,000

* US: Platinum
* AUS: Gold
* IRE: Platinum
* NZ: 2× Platinum
* UK: Gold

"—" denotes releases that did not chart or receive certification.
Miscellaneous releases
Year Album details
1997 The Slim Shady EP

* Released: 1997
* Label: Web (WEB17)
* Format: CD, CS

2003 Straight from the Lab

* Released: 2003
* Label: Bootleg
* Format: CD, CS

2003 The Singles

* Released: 2003
* Label: Shady/Aftermath
* Format: CD, CS

2009 Relapse: Refill

* Released: 2009[60]
* Label: Shady/Aftermath
* Format: CD, CS

"—" denotes releases that did not chart or receive certification.
Year Title Peak chart positions[f] Certifications Album
US Rap

1998 "Just Don't Give a Fuck" 114 62 5 — — — — — — — — — — The Slim Shady LP
1999 "My Name Is" 36 18 10 13 33 38 37 4 4 16 29 2 —
"Guilty Conscience"
(feat. Dr. Dre) — 56 — — — — 40 7 — 25 — 5 —
2000 "Bitch Please II"
(feat. Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Xzibit & Nate Dogg) — 61 — — — — — — — — — — — The Marshall Mathers LP
"The Real Slim Shady" 4 11 7 11 7 5 7 1 15 3 2 1

* UK: Gold

"The Way I Am" 58 24 13 34 16 — 19 4 — 6 19 8 —
(feat. Dido) 51 36 22 1 3 — 1 1 14 3 1 1

* AUS: 2× Platinum
* UK: Platinum

2002 "Without Me" 2 13 5 1 2 4 1 1 1 1 1 1

* US: Gold
* UK: Gold
* AUS: 3× Platinum

The Eminem Show
"Cleanin' Out My Closet" 4 11 5 3 6 — 4 3 5 3 5 4

* AUS: Platinum

"Lose Yourself" 1 4 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

* AUS: 4× Platinum
* UK: Silver
* US: Gold

8 Mile
2003 "Superman"
(feat. Dina Rae) 15 44 12 — — — — — 42 — — — — The Eminem Show
"Sing for the Moment" 14 101 18 5 6 2 5 3 5 11 8 6

* AUS: Platinum

"Business" — 77 25 4 28 — 15 7 14 — — 6

* AUS: Gold[70]

2004 "Just Lose It" 6 35 7 1 6 — 2 2 1 12 1 1

* US: Gold
* AU: Platinum

(feat. Dr. Dre & 50 Cent) 25 48 20 — — — — — — — — — —
2005 "Like Toy Soldiers" 34 64 — 4 11 — 8 3 2 14 3 1

* US: Gold
* AUS: Gold

"Mockingbird" 11 51 10 9 30 — 15 8 15 — 14 4

* US: Gold
* AU: Gold

"Ass Like That" 60 93 — 10 20 — 31 4 9 — 25 4

* AUS: Gold

"When I'm Gone" 8 96 22 1 8 — 6 5 2 5 7 4

* US: Gold
* AU: Gold

Curtain Call: The Hits
2006 "Shake That"
(feat. Nate Dogg) 6 — 11 — — — — — — 59 — — —
"You Don't Know"
(with 50 Cent, Lloyd Banks & Cashis) 12 87 — — — — — 5 — — — 32 Eminem Presents:
The Re-Up
2009 "Crack a Bottle"
(feat. Dr. Dre and 50 Cent) 1 60 4 18 39 1 — 6 6 9 4 4

* AUS: 2× Platinum

"We Made You" 9 108 19 1 13 6 9 1 1 11 4 4

* AUS: Platinum
* UK: Silver

"3 a.m." 32 — — 38 — 24 — — — — — 56 —
"Old Time's Sake"
(feat. Dr. Dre) 25 115 — 76 14 — — 49 — — — 61 —
"Beautiful" 17 — — 5 11 8 39 5 4 12 8 12 —
(with Drake, Kanye West, Lil Wayne) 8 2 1 99 — 26 — 46 — — 68 42 — Relapse: Refill
"Hell Breaks Loose"
(feat. Dr. Dre) 29 — — 82 — 21 — 18 — — 30 — —
"Elevator" 67 — — — — — — — — — — — —
2010 "Not Afraid" 1 — 16 4 13 1 — 3 8 5 2 5 — Recovery
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or receive certification.

Other charted songs

Year Title Peak chart positions[f] Album

1999 "Role Model" — 111 — The Slim Shady LP
2000 "Kill You" — 102 — The Marshall Mathers LP
2001 "Drug Ballad"
(feat. Dina Rae) — 51 —
2002 "My Dad's Gone Crazy"
(feat. Hailie Jade) — 64 — The Eminem Show
"Hailie's Song" 113 110 —
2003 "8 Mile" 102 54 — 8 Mile
2004 "Mosh" — 112 — Encore
2006 "No Apologies" 121 — — Eminem Presents:
The Re-Up
"The Re-Up"
(with 50 Cent) 119 — —
"Jimmy Crack Corn"
(with 50 Cent) 101 — —
2009 "Insane" 85 — — Relapse
"Dr. West" (skit) 105 — —
"Careful What You Wish For" 125 — —
2010 "Music Box" 82 — 63 Relapse: Refill
"Buffalo Bill" 117 — —
"Taking My Ball" 123 — —
"Drop the Bomb on 'Em" 103 — 83
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or receive certification.
Guest appearances

Eminem has made in total sixty-five guest appearances (see collaborations section), seven of which were released as singles.
Year Title Peak chart positions[f] Certifications Album
[g] NZ

1999 "Dead Wrong"
(with The Notorious B.I.G. & Puff Daddy) 105 39 — — — — — — — — — Born Again
2000 "Forgot About Dre"
(with Dr. Dre) 25 14 — — 41 20 26 29 37 7 — 2001
2002 "Rock City"
(with Royce Da 5'9") — 99 — 57 45 — — — 37 — — Rock City (Version 2.0)
2004 "One Day at a Time
(Em's Version)"
(with 2Pac & Outlawz) 80 51 — — — — — — — — — Tupac: Resurrection
2005 "Welcome 2 Detroit"
(with Trick-Trick) 100 — — 24 20 — — — — — — The People vs.
2006 "Smack That"
(with Akon) 2 34 2 3 5 1 1 3 3 1

* US: 3× Platinum
* AUS: Platinum

2009 "Drop the World"
(with Lil Wayne) 18 — 56 — — — — 42 — 51 — Rebirth
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or receive certification.
Video albums
Year Album details Peak chart positions Certifications Notes

2000 The Up in Smoke Tour

* Released: December 5, 2000
* Label: RED Distribution,
Eagle Rock (30001)
* Format: DVD, UMD, VHS

1 1

* US: 6× Platinum
* AUS: 7× Platinum

The Up in Smoke Tour is a concert film of a concert held in Worcester, Massachusetts as part of the 2000 Up in Smoke Tour. It features live performances as well as backstage content from various rappers, including Dr. Dre, Snoop Dogg, Ice Cube and Eminem.[84] The film, rendered for DVD in Dolby Digital 5.1 audio compression, is directed by Philip G. Atwell and narrated by Dr. Dre.

* Released: December 12, 2000
* Label: Aftermath, Interscope,
PolyGram Video (60819)
* Format: DVD, VHS

5 —

* US: Platinum
* AUS: Platinum
* CAN: Gold

E features seven director's cut versions of Eminem's music videos released up to 2000, as well as footage of the making of the "Stan" video. All songs are taken from his second and third studio albums The Slim Shady LP and The Marshall Mathers LP.
2002 All Access Europe

* Released: June 18, 2002
* Label: Interscope (493313)
* Format: DVD, VHS

1 1

* US: Platinum
* AUS: 2× Platinum

Directed by John 'Quig' Quigley, All Access Europe documents Eminem's European tour to promote The Marshall Mathers LP. The video album is divided in segments based on the concert locations, which included Hamburg, Oslo, Paris, London, and other European destinations.
2005 Eminem Presents:
The Anger Management Tour

* Released: June 28, 2005
* Label: Interscope (9883138)
* Format: DVD

2 5

* AUS: Platinum

Eminem Presents: The Anger Management Tour, directed by Donn J. Viola, highlights the 2002 concert in Detroit, part of the Anger Management Tour. The concert features performances from Eminem and the Shady Records roster, as well as backstage footage and a free download option of the "Ass Like That" music video with the purchase of the DVD.
2007 Live from New York City 2005

* Released: December 3, 2005[95]
* Label: Showtime (TV),
Eagle Rock (DVD – 302339)
* Format: TV broadcast (2005),
DVD (2007)

13 — — Live from New York City 2005 is Eminem's fourth and to-date final concert film. The film documents his 2005 live concert at the Madison Square Garden in New York, part of the Anger Management Tour 3. The taped event, directed by Hamish Hamilton, originally premiered on Showtime on December 3, 2005, while the DVD was released on November 13, 2007.
"—" denotes releases that did not chart or receive certification.
Music videos
Year Title Director(s)
1998 "Just Don't Give a Fuck" Darren Lavett
1999 "My Name Is" Dr. Dre, Phillip G. Atwell
"Guilty Conscience"
"Role Model"
2000 "The Real Slim Shady"
"The Way I Am" Paul Hunter
"Stan" Dr. Dre, Phillip G. Atwell
2002 "Without Me" Joseph Kahn
"White America" Eminem
"Cleanin' Out My Closet" Dr. Dre, Phillip G. Atwell
"Lose Yourself" Eminem, Paul Rosenberg, Phillip G. Atwell
2003 "Superman" Paul Hunter
"Sing for the Moment" Phillip G. Atwell
2004 "Mosh" Ian Inaba
"Just Lose It" Phillip G. Atwell
"Like Toy Soldiers" The Saline Project
2005 "Mockingbird" Eminem, Quig
"Ass Like That" Phillip G. Atwell
"When I'm Gone" Anthony Mandler
2006 "Shake That" Plates Animation
"You Don't Know" The Saline Project
2009 "We Made You" Joseph Kahn
"3 a.m." Syndrome
"Beautiful" Anthony Mandler
Year Song Other performer(s) Album
1998 "Trife Thieves" Bizarre, Fuzz Attack of the Weirdos
"We Shine"Ruckus Da Ruckus, Episode 1
"Fuck Off" Kid Rock Devil Without a Cause
"Green and Gold" The Anonymous Green & Gold
1999 "Hustlers & Hardcore" Feel-X Behind the Doors of the 13th Floor
"Any Man"

Soundbombing II
"The Anthem" Chino XL, Kool G Rap, KRS-One, Jayo Felony, Pharoahe Monch, RZA, Sway & King Tech, Tech N9ne, Xzibit This or That
"Get You Mad" Sway & King Tech This or That & DJ Hero: Renegade Edition
"Bad Guys Always Die" Dr. Dre Wild Wild West & DJ Hero: Renegade Edition
"Busa Rhyme" Missy Elliott Da Real World
"The Last Hit" The High & Mighty Home Field Advantage
"Stir Crazy" The Madd Rapper Tell 'Em Why U Madd
"Bad Influence"

End of Days
"What's the Difference" Dr. Dre, Xzibit 2001
"Forgot About Dre"Dr. Dre
"Murder, Murder" (Remix)

Next Friday
"Dead Wrong" The Notorious B.I.G., Puff Daddy Born Again
"If I Get Locked Up" Dr. Dre The Tunnel
2000 "Rush Ya Clique"Outsidaz Night Life
"Watch Deez" Thirstin Howl III Skillosopher & Skilligan's Island
"Get Back" D12 The Piece Maker
"Hellbound" (H&H Remix) J. Black, Masta Ace Game Over
"3 6 5"Skam Restaurant: ... It Ain't Always on the Menu & Fat Beats Volume Three
"Off the Wall" Redman Nutty Professor II: The Klumps
"Desperados" Bugz, Proof Kill the DJ
"What If I Was White" Sticky Fingaz Black Trash: The Autobiography of Kirk Jones
"Words Are Weapons" Funkmaster Flex The Mix Tape, Volume 4:
60 Minutes of Funk
"Don't Approach Me" Xzibit Restless
"What the Beat" Method Man, Royce Da 5'9" The Professional, Pt. 2
2001 "Renagade" Jay-Z The Blueprint
2002 "My Name" Xzibit, Nate Dogg Man vs. Machine
"Rock City" Royce Da 5'9" Rock City (Version 2.0)
2003 "Patiently Waiting" 50 Cent Get Rich or Die Tryin'
"Don't Push Me" 50 Cent, Lloyd Banks
"Go to Sleep" DMX, Obie Trice Cradle 2 the Grave
"Lady"Obie Trice Cheers
"Shit Hits the Fan" Dr. Dre, Obie Trice
"We All Die One Day" 50 Cent, Obie Trice, Lloyd Banks, Tony Yayo
"Hands on You" Obie Trice
"Outro" D12, Obie Trice
"911" Boo-Yaa T.R.I.B.E., B-Real West Koastra Nostra
"One Day at a Time
(Em's Version)" 2Pac, Outlawz Tupac: Resurrection

The Streetsweeper Vol. 1
2004 "I'm Gone" Obie Trice The Streetsweeper Vol. 2: The Pain from the Game
"Welcome to D-Block" D-Block Kiss of Death
"Warrior, Pt. 2" 50 Cent, Lloyd Banks, Nate Dogg The Hunger for More
"Soldier Like Me" 2Pac Loyal to the Game
"Black Cotton" 2Pac, Kastro, Young Noble
2005 "We Ain't" The Game The Documentary
"Gatman and Robbin" 50 Cent The Massacre
"My Ballz" D12 The Longest Yard
"Lean Back" (Remix) Fat Joe, Lil Jon, Mase, Remy Ma All or Nothing
"Hip Hop" Bizarre Hannicap Circus
"Drama Setter" Obie Trice, Tony Yayo Thoughts of a Predicate Felon
"Pimplikeness" D12 Searching for Jerry Garcia
"Off to Tijuana" D12, Hush Bulletproof
"It Has Been Said" Notorious B.I.G., Obie Trice, Diddy Duets: The Final Chapter
"Welcome 2 Detroit" Trick-Trick The People vs.
"No More to Say" Proof, Trick-Trick
2006 "I'll Hurt You" Busta Rhymes The Big Bang
"There They Go" Obie Trice, Big Herk Second Round's on Me
"Smack That" Akon Konvicted
2007 "Pistol Poppin'"Cashis The County Hound EP
"Touchdown" T.I. T.I. vs T.I.P.
"Peep Show" 50 Cent Curtis
2008 "Who Want It" Trick-Trick The Villain
2009 "Chemical Warfare" The Alchemist Chemical Warfare
"Forever" Drake, Kanye West, Lil Wayne Music Inspired by More Than a Game
"Psycho" 50 Cent Before I Self Destruct
2010 "Drop the World" Lil Wayne Rebirth
"Airplanes (Part II)" B.o.B, Hayley Williams B.o.B Presents: The Adventures of Bobby Ray
Featured music videos

* 1999: Chino XL, Kool G Rap, KRS-One feat. Eminem - The Anthem - This or That
* 1999: Dr.Dre feat. Eminem - Forgot About Dre - 2001
* 2000: D12 feat. Eminem - Shit on You - Devil's Night
* 2000: Xzibit feat. Eminem - Don't Approach me - Restless
* 2001: D12 - Purple Hills - Devil's Night
* 2001: D12 - Fight Music - Devil's Night
* 2002: Obie Trice - Rap Name - 8 Mile
* 2002: Royce Da 5'9" feat. Eminem - Rock City - Rock City (Version 2.0)
* 2004: D12 - My Band - D12 World
* 2004: D12 - Git Up - D12 World
* 2004: D12 - How Come - D12 World
* 2004: D12 - 40 Oz - D12 World
* 2004: D12 - U R the One - D12 World
* 2005: 50 cent feat. Eminem - Gatman and Robin - The Massacre
* 2005: Hush feat. Eminem - Hush is Coming - Bulletproof
* 2005: Trick Trick feat. Eminem - Welcome 2 Detroit - The People vs.
* 2005: Bizarre - Rockstar - Hannicap Circus
* 2006: Akon feat. Eminem - Smack That - Konvicted
* 2009: Drake, Kanye West, Lil Wayne feat. Eminem - Forever - Music Inspired by More Than a Game
* 2010: Lil Wayne feat. Eminem - Drop the World - Rebirth

Production credits
Main article: Eminem production discography

1. ^ The forty-two platinum certifications by the Recording Industry Association of America include twenty-nine platinum certifications credited as a solo artist and eleven certifications with various artists.
2. ^ The reported chart positions are of the latter release The Slim Shady LP (Special Edition). The original album release peaked up to number forty-six on the Belgian Ultratop and seventy-seven on the Swiss Record Charts.
3. ^ For certifications of The Slim Shady LP and E, enter Eminem in the "artist name" field.
4. ^ To retrieve certifications from the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand, select the field "Top 40 Album Chart" along the following:

* "Chart #1160" for The Slim Shady LP (Gold)
* "Chart #1277" for The Marshall Mathers LP (5× Platinum)
* "Chart #1363" for The Eminem Show (8× Platinum)
* "Chart #1363" for 8 Mile (4× Platinum)
* "Chart #1458" for Encore (4× Platinum)
* "Chart #1510" for Curtain Call: The Hits (4× Platinum)
* "Chart #1555" for Eminem Presents: The Re-Up (2× Platinum)
* "Chart #1673" for Relapse (Platinum)

5. ^ The reported peak chart positions are indicative of the UK Compilation Albums Chart, as soundtracks and compilation albums by various artists are not eligible for the UK Albums Chart.
6. ^ Although the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 and Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs charts both comprise up to a hundred songs, the Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles and Bubbling Under R&B/Hip-Hop Singles act as an extension to each chart. Thus, songs that have peaked up to these extension charts are listed in this discography under the Hot 100 and Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs with values over a hundred.

Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles

* "Just Don't Give a Fuck": 14 → 114
* "Dead Wrong": 15 → 115
* "Hailie's Song": 13 → 113
* "8 Mile": 2 → 102
* "No Apologies": 21 → 121
* "The Re-Up": 19 → 119
* "Jimmy Crack Corn": 1 → 101
* "Dr. West" (skit): 5 → 105

Bubbling Under R&B/Hip-Hop Singles

* "Role Model": 11 → 111
* "Sing for the Moment": 1 → 101
* "Kill You": 2 → 102
* "Hailie's Song": 10 → 110
* "Mosh": 12 → 112
* "We Made You": 8 → 108
* "Old Time's Sake": 15 → 115

7. ^ To retrieve peak positions of the Irish Singles Chart, enter Eminem in the field "Search by Artist". For guest appearances that have charted in Ireland, enter Forgot About Dre or Smack That in the field "Search by Song Title".
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Eminem production discograph

This is a list of all of the songs that Eminem has produced.

Eminem - The Slim Shady LP

* "Guilty Conscience"
* "Brain Damage"
* "If I Had"
* "97' Bonnie & Clyde"
* "My Fault"
* "Cum on Everybody"
* "Just Don't Give a Fuck"
* "As the World Turns"
* "I'm Shady"
* "Bad Meets Evil"
* "Still Don't Give a Fuck"

Sticky Fingaz - Blacktrash

* "What If I Was White"

Tony Touch - The Piece Maker

* "Get Back"

Eminem - The Marshall Mathers LP

* "The Way I Am"
* "Drug Ballad"
* "Stan"
* "Under The Influence"
* "Marshall Mathers"
* "Criminal"
* "Kim"

Xzibit - Restless

* "Don't Approach Me"

Jay-Z - The Blueprint

* "Renegade"

 D12 - Devil's Night

* "American Psycho"
* "These Drugs"
* "That's How..."
* "Purple Pills"
* "Instigator"
* "Pimp Like Me"
* "Blow My Buzz"
* "Devil's Night"
* "Girls"

The Wash

* "Blow My Buzz"

Nas - God's Son

* "The Cross"

Eminem - The Eminem Show

* "Curtains Up"
* "White America"
* "Cleanin' Out My Closet"
* "Square Dance"
* "Soldier"
* "The Kiss"
* "Say Goodbye Hollywood"
* "Drips"
* "Without Me"
* "Sing for the Moment"
* "Superman"
* "Hailie's Song"
* "When the Music Stops"
* "Till I Collapse"
* "Curtains Close"

Man vs. Machine

* "Say My Name"

8 Mile

* "Lose Yourself"
* "Love Me"
* "8 Mile"
* "Rap Game"
* "Rabbit Run"
* "Places To Go"
* "8 Miles and Runnin'"
* "Rap Game"
* "Stimulate"
* "'Till I Collapse"

50 Cent - Get Rich or Die Tryin'

* "Patiently Waiting"
* "Don't Push Me"

DMX - Cradle to the Grave

* "Go to Sleep"

Jay-Z - The Black Album

* "Moment of Clarity"

2Pac - Tupac: Resurrection

* "Ghost"
* "One Day at a Time (Em's Version)"
* "Runnin' (Dying to Live)"
* "Same song"

Eminem - Straight from the Lab

* "Bully"
* "We as Americans"
* "Love You More"
* "Can-I-Bitch"
* "Monkey See, Monkey Do"
* "Hailie's Revenge"

King Gordy - The Entity

* "Nightmares"
* "The Pain"
* "Pass Me the Lighter"
* "When Darkness Falls"

G-Unit - Beg for Mercy

* "My Buddy"

Obie Trice - Cheers

* "Average Man"
* "Cheers"
* "Got Some Teeth"
* "Lady"
* "Don't Come Down"
* "Shit Hits the Fan"
* "We All Die One Day"
* "Hands on You"
* "Never Forget Ya"
* "Outro"

Boo-Yaa T.R.I.B.E. - West Koastra Nostra

* "911"

Eminem - The Singles

* "Wanksta" (Em's version)

Lloyd Banks - The Hunger for More

* "On Fire"
* "Warrior Pt. II"
* "Till the End"

Jadakiss - Kiss of Death

* "Welcome to D-Block"

D12 - D12 World

* "Git Up"
* "Loyalty"
* "Just Like U"
* "My Band"
* "6 in the Morning"
* "Leave Dat Boy Alone"
* "Get My Gun"
* "Bitch"
* "Dude"
* "Bizarre"
* "Steve's Coffee House"
* "Bugz 97"

2Pac - Loyal to the Game

* "Soldier Like Me (Return of the Soulja)"
* "The Uppercut"
* "Out on Bail"
* "Ghetto Gospel"
* "Black Cotton"
* "Loyal to the Game"
* "Thugs Get Lonely Too"
* "N.I.G.G.A."
* "Who Do You Love?"
* "Crooked Nigga Too"
* "Don't You Trust Me?"
* "Hennessey"
* "Thug 4 Life(Dirty)"

 Eminem - Encore

* "Yellow Brick Road"
* "Like Toy Soldiers"
* "Puke"
* "My 1st Single"
* "Spend Some Time"
* "Mockingbird"
* "Crazy in Love"
* "One Shot 2 Shot"
* "We as Americans"
* "Love You More"
* "Ricky Ticky Tock"

Redman - Ill at Will Vol. 1

* "I See Dead People"

50 Cent - The Massacre

* "Intro"
* "I'm Supposed to Die Tonight"
* "Gatman and Robbin"
* "My Toy Soldier"

Eminem - Anger Management

* "Anger Management"
* "2nd Round"
* "Emulate"
* "Dirty Steve"
* "Fubba U Cubba Cubba"

The Game - The Documentary

* "We Ain't"

Bizarre - Hannicap Circus

* "Rockstar"

Trick Trick - The People vs.

* "Welcome 2 Detroit"
* "No More To Say"

Hush - Bulletproof

* "Hush Is Coming"
* "Off to Tijuana"

The Notorious B.I.G. - Duets: The Final Chapter

* "It Has Been Said (The Most Shady)"

Tony Yayo - Thoughts of a Predicate Felon

* "Drama Setter"

Proof - Grown Man Shit (Mixtape)

* "Pray For Me"
* "Ou, Ouuuuuuuuuu"
* "Wot's Up"
* "Oil Can Harry"

Eminem - Curtain Call: The Hits

* "FACK"
* "Shake That"
* "When I'm Gone"

Obie Trice - Second Round's On Me

* "Wake Up"
* "Violent"
* "Lay Down"
* "Ballad of Obie Trice"
* "Jamaican Girl"
* "Kill Me a Mutha"
* "There They Go"
* "Everywhere I Go"
* "Out of State"
* "All of My Life"
* "Luv"

Akon - Konvicted

* "Smack That"

Lloyd Banks - Rotten Apple

* "Hands Up"
* "NY NY"

Lil' Scrappy - Bred 2 Die, Born 2 Live

* "Lord Have Mercy"

Eminem Presents: The Re-Up

* "Shady Narcotics" (Intro)
* "We're Back"
* "Pistol Pistol" (Remix)
* "Murder"
* "The Re-Up"
* "You Don't Know"
* "Jimmy Crack Corn"
* "Trapped"
* "Smack That]" (Remix)
* "Public Enemy #1"
* "Ski Mask Way" (Remix)
* "]]Shake That]]" (Remix)
* "No Apologies"

Cashis - The County Hound EP

* "County Hound" (Intro)
* "That Nigga a Gangsta"
* "Gun Rule"
* "Ms. Jenkins"
* "Pistol Poppin'"
* "Thoughts of Suicide"
* "Lac Motion"

50 Cent - Curtis

* "Peep Show"

Young Buck - Buck the World

* "Lose My Mind"

T.I - T.I. vs. T.I.P.

* "Touchdown"

Trick Trick - The Villain

* "Trick Trick"
* "Who Want It"
* "Follow Me"
* "Crazy"

Eminem - Relapse

* "We Made You"
* "Beautiful"
* "My Darling"
* "Careful What You Wish For"

Eminem - Relapse: Refill

* "Elevator"

Kid Cudi - Unknown

* I Hear Them Calling Me

[edit] B.o.B - B.o.B Presents: The Adventures of Bobby Ray

* Airplanes, Part II

Bizarre - Friday Night At St. Andrews

* Executive producer on the album

Stat Quo - Statlanta

* Atlanta on Fire
* The Ruler's Back

Eminem - Recovery

* Producer of the album

D12 - D12 Third studio album

* Producer of the album

T.I. - King Uncaged

* Producer of the album
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Tuesday, June 1, 2010

Taliban insurgency

The Taliban insurgency took root shortly after the group's fall from power following the 2001 war in Afghanistan. The Taliban continue to attack Afghan, U.S., and other ISAF troops and many terrorist incidents attributable to them have been registered. Al-Qaeda is closely associated with their activity. The war has also spread to Pakistan, in particular the Waziristan War. The Taliban conduct low-intensity warfare against the Afghan National Army and coalition forces.

In common usage, "the Taliban" may refer to the largest insurgent group in Afghanistan, known as Quetta Shura Taliban, or to the Afghanistan insurgents in general (which include the Haqqani network, Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin, and smaller groups, as well Quetta Shura Taliban).

After the invasion

After evading U.S. forces throughout the summer of 2002, the remnants of the Taliban gradually began to regain their confidence and launched the insurgency that Mullah Mohammed Omar had promised during the Taliban's last days in power. During September 2002, Taliban forces began a recruitment drive in Pashtun areas in both Afghanistan and Pakistan to launch a renewed "jihad" or holy war against the Afghan government and the U.S-led coalition. Pamphlets distributed in secret during the night also began to appear in many villages in the former Taliban heartland in southeastern Afghanistan. Small mobile training camps were established along the border with Pakistan by al-Qaeda and Taliban fugitives to train new recruits in guerrilla warfare and tactics, according to Afghan sources and a United Nations report. Most of the new recruits were drawn from the madrassas or religious schools of the tribal areas of Pakistan, from which the Taliban had originally arisen. Major bases, a few with as many as 200 men, were created in the mountainous tribal areas of Pakistan by the summer of 2003. The will of the Pakistani paramilitaries stationed at border crossings to prevent such infiltration was called into question, and Pakistani military operations proved of little use.

Make-up of the Taliban
Main article: Quetta Shura

There are many players now in Afghanistan that are operating against the NATO coalition forces. In the general, the media use the term Taliban for all the insurgents in Afghanistan. However, in addition to Afghan insurgent groups with a separate history from the original pre-2001 Taliban — the Haqqani network and the Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin — there is also a Taliban group in Pakistan. The US military commanders call the Afghan Taliban Big T and they call the Pakistani Taliban Little T. The Afghan Taliban's main goal is to remove the foreign forces and their backed government from Afghanistan. Their leadership councils are intact and they operate in almost all parts of the Afghanistan in one form or the other. The Taliban control most of the country side from Herat Northwestern Afghanistan to Qandahar (southern Afghanistan) to Kunar (Northeastern Afghanistan). Taliban fighters are also said to have started operations in the Northern city of Mazar-i-Sharif.

The Pakistani Taliban's main goals are very unclear. The Pakistani Taliban do cross border to Afghanistan to fight NATO forces but their main concern seem to be in Pakistani tribal areas. There is also the Hezbi-Islami militia which operates in Northeastern Afghanistan.
Financial support

While the pre-2001 Taliban suppressed opium production, the current insurgency "relies on opium revenues to purchase weapons, train its members, and buy support." In 2001, Afghanistan produced only 11% of the world’s opium, today it produces 93% of the global crop, and the drug trade accounts for half of Afghanistan's GDP.

On 28 July Richard Holbrooke, the United States special envoy for Afghanistan and Pakistan, said that money transfers from Western Europe and the Gulf States exceeded the drug trade earnings and that a new task force had been formed to shut down this source of funds.

The United States Agency for International Development is investigating the possibility that kickbacks from its contracts are being funneled to the Taliban.

Poppy dilemma

In March 2010, after the ousting of the Taliban from the area of Marja in the Southern Afghan province Helmand in the Operation Moshtarak, the American and NATO commanders were confronted with the dilemma of on the one hand the need for "winning the hearts and minds" of the local population as well as on the other hand the necessity of the eradication of poppies and the destruction of the opium economy. Since opium is the main source of existence of 60 to 70 percent of the farmers in Marja, American Marines were ordered to -preliminary- ignore the crops to avoid trampling their livelihood.
Social context: poverty and corruption

In November 2009, a report with the results of an opinion poll of the western aid group Oxfam indicated that 70 percent of the Afghan population does not consider the Taliban militants, but poverty, unemployment, and government corruption as the main causes of war in their country.

After thirty years of war, the country remains one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world. It is also one of the most corrupt. Unemployment stands at 40 percent and more than half of the population lives below the poverty line. On top of that, violence then seemed to culminate since U.S.-backed Afghan forces ousted the Taliban in late 2001. Nearly half of those surveyed said corruption and bad government were the main reasons for the ongoing war. 36 percent said the Taliban insurgency was to blame.

After the Taliban, the reason most people gave for the continued fighting was the foreign interference: 25 percent of respondents saying other countries were to blame .

Afghan fighter interviewed by as-Sahab.

The Taliban gradually reorganized and reconstituted their forces over the winter 2002-2003, preparing for a summer offensive in 2003. They established a new mode of operation, gathering into groups of around 50 to launch attacks on isolated outposts and convoys of Afghan soldiers, police, or militia and then breaking up into groups of 5-10 men to evade subsequent offensives. U.S. forces in the strategy were attacked indirectly, through rocket attacks on bases and improvised mines planted in the roadside. To coordinate the strategy, Mullah Omar named a 10-man leadership council for the resistance, with himself at the head. Five operational zones were created, assigned to various Taliban commanders such as the key Taliban leader Mullah Dadullah, in charge of Zabul province operations. Al-Qaeda forces in the east had a bolder strategy of concentrating on the Americans and catching them when they could with elaborate ambushes.

The first sign that Taliban forces were regrouping came on January 28, 2003, when a band of 80 fighters allied with the Taliban and Hezb-i-Islami were discovered and assaulted by U.S. forces at the Adi Ghar cave complex 15 miles (24 km) north of Spin Boldak. 18 rebels were reported killed and no U.S. casualties reported. The site was suspected to be a base to funnel supplies and fighters from Pakistan. The first isolated attacks by relatively large Taliban bands on Afghan targets also appeared around that time.

As the summer of 2003 continued, the attacks gradually increased in frequency in the "Taliban heartland." Dozens of Afghan National Army soldiers, non-governmental organization and humanitarian workers, and several U.S. soldiers died in the raids, ambushes, and rocket attacks. In addition to the guerrilla attacks, Taliban fighters began building up their forces in the district of Dai Chopan, a district in Zabul province that also straddles Kandahar and Uruzgan and is at the very center of the Taliban heartland. Dai Chopan district is a remote and sparsely populated corner of southeastern Afghanistan composed of towering, rocky mountains interspersed with narrow gorges. Taliban fighters decided it would be the perfect area to make a stand against the Afghan government and the coalition forces. Over the course of summer 2003 up to 1,000 guerrillas regrouped in the area, perhaps the largest concentration of Taliban militants since the fall of the regime. As Taliban fighters gained strength, over 220 people, including several dozen Afghan police, were killed in August 2003.
Main article: Operation Red Wing
Coalition response
US HH-60 over southern Afghanistan.

As a result, coalition forces have begun preparing offensives to root out the rebel forces. In late 2005, Afghan government forces backed by U.S troops and heavy American aerial bombardment advanced upon Taliban positions within the mountain fortress. After a one-week battle, Taliban forces were routed with up to 124 fighters (according to Afghan government estimates) killed. Taliban spokesmen, however, denied the high casualty figure and U.S estimates were somewhat lower. By the first week of September, however, Taliban forces had been scattered from their base at Dai-Chopan. The operation (Operation Mountain Thrust) was launched on June 13, 2006 with the purposes of rooting out Taliban forces , later followed by Operation Medusa which started at the weekend of 2 and 3 September.

British commanders in Helmand have described the ongoing violence in the province to be the most intense level of fighting the British army has seen since the Korean war. Long and brutal firefights are a daily occurrence, so much so that over the summer extra men, armoured vehicles and Chinook helicopters were promised to reinforce the troops in theatre.

2006 Escalation

Afghan President Hamid Karzai publicly condemned the methods used by the western powers. In June 2006 he said:

And for two years I have systematically, consistently and on a daily basis warned the international community of what was developing in Afghanistan and of the need for a change of approach in this regard.


The international community [must] reassess the manner in which this war against terror is conducted

Insurgents were also criticized for their conduct. According to Human Rights Watch, bombing and other attacks on Afghan civilians by the Taliban (and to a lesser extent Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin), are reported to have "sharply escalated in 2006" with "at least 669 Afghan civilians were killed in at least 350 armed attacks, most of which appear to have been intentionally launched at civilians or civilian objects." 131 of insurgent attacks were suicide attacks which killed 212 civilians (732 wounded), 46 Afghan army and police members (101 wounded), and 12 foreign soldiers (63 wounded).

Before the summer 2006 offensive began indications existed that the NATO led International Security Assistance Force peacekeepers had lost influence and power to other groups, including potentially the Taliban. In May there were riots after a street accident in the city of Kabul.

The continued support from tribes and others in Pakistan, the drug trade, the failure to produce a true central government and the small number of NATO troops, combined with the long history of resistance and isolation, all lead to the conclusion that even if not gaining power, post-Taliban forces and leaders are surviving and will play a significant role in Afghanistan into the future.

Below are a few deaths (note:this is just a few NATO deaths)

* June 6: A roadside bombing leaves 2 American soldiers killed, the attack took place in the province of Nanghar. Also a separate suicide bombing in Khost leaves three US soldiers wounded.

* June 15: A bus carrying workers to an American base explodes killing 10 and wounding 15. The explosives were placed on the bus.

* July 1: 2 British soldiers are killed when their base came under small arms fire including rocket propelled grenades.

* August 8: 4 Canadian NATO soldiers are killed in two separate attacks. And a suicide bomber targeting a NATO convey detonates killing 21 people.

* August 20: 3 American soldiers are killed and another 3 are wounded in a battle with Taliban militants after a roadside bomb hit an American patrol

* September 8: A major suicide car bombing near the US embassy in Kabul kills 18 including 2 US soldiers.

* September 10: The governor of Afghanistan's southeastern Paktia province is killed alongside his bodyguard and nephew when a suicide bomber detonates himself beside the governor's car.

* October 14: A suicide attack in Kandahar city leaves 8 dead including one NATO soldier.

* October 15: 2 Canadian soldiers were killed when Taliban militants attacked NATO troops using small arms fire and rocket propelled grenades.

* December 6: A suicide bomber blew himself up outside a security contractor's office killing 7 including 2 Americans, the attack took place south of Afghanistan in Kandahar.

* December 19: Mullah Akhtar Muhammad Osmani, reportedly number 4 in the Taliban shura, is killed by an American airstrike in southern Afghanistan.


The Taliban continue to favor suicide bombing as a tactic. In 2007 Afghanistan saw 140 more suicide bombings - more than in the past five years combined - that killed more than 300 people, many civilians.A United Nations report said the perpetrators were poorly educated, disaffected young men who were recruited by Taliban leaders in Pakistani madrassas.

Western analysts estimated that the Taliban can field about 10,000 fighters at any given time, according to an October 30 report in The New York Times. Of that number, "only 2,000 to 3,000 are highly motivated, full-time insurgents", the Times reported. The rest are part-timers, made up of alienated, young Afghan men angry at bombing raids or fighting in order to get money. In 2007, more foreign fighters were showing up in Afghanistan than ever before, according to Afghan and United States officials. An estimated 100 to 300 full-time combatants are foreigners, usually from Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Chechnya, various Arab countries and perhaps even Turkey and western China. They tend to be more fanatical and violent, and they often bring skills such as the ability to post more sophisticated videos on the Internet or bombmaking expertise. It has also been reported that the Taliban now control up to 54% of Afghanistan.

In April 2007, Karzai admitted that he spoke to the Taliban to bring about peace in Afghanistan. He noted that the Afghan Taliban are "always welcome" in Afghanistan, although foreign militants are not. On April 15, 2007 the Afghan Government promised to end all hostage deals with the Taliban after two Afghan kidnapped victims were executed in an agreement to free an Italian journalist.

* February 27 - 2007 Bagram Air Base bombing

On May 12, Mullah Dadullah, a senior Taliban commander in charge of operations in the south of the country was killed in Helmand province, in what is seen as a great moral victory.

* January 23: A suicide bomber blew himself up outside a US base in eastern Afghanistan killing 10 people who were waiting outside the base.

* February 2: Taliban forces raided a southern Afghan town destroying the government center and briefly holding some elders captive.

* February 19: The Taliban briefly seized a small town in western Afghanistan after police fled the town, the Taliban forces moved in for 30 minutes and seized three vehicles.

* February 20: A suicide bomber blew himself up during an opening hospital ceremony injuring 2 NATO soldiers and a hospital worker.

* February 27: 23 people are killed when a suicide bomber attacks an American military base, Bagram Airfield (BAF) in Bagram District, Parwan Province. The attack took place while US vice president Dick Cheney was in the compound, Cheney was unhurt in the attack and was the intended target of the attack as claimed by the Taliban. The dead included an American soldier, a Korean soldier, and an American contractor.

* March 4: A suicide bomber attacks an American convoy which leaves 16 civilians dead in the aftermath as the American convey begins to sporadically fire at civilian cars around them. In a separate incident, two British soldiers were killed when a Taliban rocket was fired on them during clashes in Southern Helmand Province.

* March 17: A suicide bomber targeting a Canadian military convoy leaves one dead and three injured, including one NATO soldier. The attack took place in Kandahar.

* March 19: A car bomb blew up near a three-vehicle US embassy convoy injuring many in the convoy.

* March 27: Four police officers are killed in the southern Helmand province after a suicide bomber blew himself up outside a police station.

* March 28: A suicide bomber killed a top intelligence officer and three others in the capital Kabul.

* April 6: A suicide bomber struck a police checkpoint in Kabul leaving four dead and four others wounded.

* April 9: Six Canadian soldiers were killed in southern Afghanistan when they struck a roadside bomb. A separate roadside bombing, also in south Afghanistan, left another NATO soldier dead and one wounded. In another incident, a statement from the Taliban's spokesperson claimed that they had beheaded a translator for a kidnapped Italian journalists.

* April 15: A suicide bomber struck a US-private security firm, killing four Afghans working for the company.

* April 16: A suicide bomber ran onto a police training field and detonating his explosive device, killed 10 police officers and wounded dozens of others. The attack took place in the relatively quiet city of Kunduz. The Taliban claimed responsibility for the attack.

* April 20: Separate explosions in Southern Afghanistan leave two NATO soldiers dead.

* April 22: A suicide bomber blew himself up an eastern city of Afghanistan, killing six. A roadside bomb also hit an Afghan intelligence service vehicle, killing all four who were inside.

* April 30: Hundreds of Afghans took to the streets in western Afghanistan, accusing US soldiers of killing scores of civilians in fighting which the coalition said killed 136 Taliban in a three-week operation.

* May 13: Mullah Dadullah, the Taliban's top military commander in Afghanistan, is killed in fighting in the south.

* May 23: The Taliban’s newly-named top field commander, Mullah Bakht Mohammed, brother and replacement of deceased field commander Mullah Dadullah, makes his first public statement, saying the Taliban will "pursue holy war until the occupying countries leave."

* July 19: The South Korean hostage crisis involved the hostage taking of twenty-three South Korean Christian aid workers in the Ghazni Province which resulted in the death of two. The crisis ended on August 30 with the release of the remaining hostages as part of a deal with the South Korean diplomats of government.

* August 31: A suicide bomber detonated his explosive-laden vehicle after ramming three military vehicles at the military gate of the Kabul International Airport. Two Afghan soldiers were killed and ten people were injured.

* September 29: In an effort to reach a compromise with the Taliban leaders, the president, Hamid Karzai would make a quid quo pro by allowing militants to have a place in government if they stopped fighting. Taliban leaders replied by saying there would be no compromise unless intervening forces such as NATO and the U.S. left.

* November 2: Mawlawi Abdul Manan, an important Taliban figure, is killed by Afghan Security forces. His death is confirmed by the Taliban.


The U.S. warned that in 2008 the Taliban has "coalesced into a resilient insurgency", and would "maintain or even increase the scope and pace of its terrorist attacks". Attacks by Taliban insurgents in eastern Afghanistan increased by 40% when compared to the same period in 2007.

* February 24: Poor military intelligence leads to conflicted reports of a possible Taliban spring offensive.
* August 19:Taliban forces kill 9 French troops (with a 10th death in an accident) near Kabul..
* October 6: CNN reports that, via Saudi intermediaries, the Taliban is negotiating to end the conflict in Afghanistan, and that the Taliban has split from Al Qaeda.
* December 7: 200 Taliban armed with RPGs and automatic weapons attack two NATO supply depots outside of Peshawar destroying 100 vehicles packed with supplies intended to support the NATO effort in Afghanistan.
* December 8: 200 Taliban armed with RPGs and automatic weapons attack a NATO supply depot outside of Peshawar destroying 53 container trucks packed with supplies intended to support the NATO effort in Afghanistan.


During 2009 the Taliban regained control over the countryside of several Afghan provinces. In August 2009, Taliban commanders in the province of Helmand started issuing "visa" from the "Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan" in order to allow travel to and from the provincial capital of Lashkar Gah.

* June 30: US Army Private First Class soldier Bowe R. Bergdahl is captured by the Taliban in Southern Afghanistan.

* July 18: The Taliban release a video showing Bergdahl being interviewed by one of his captors. [14]

* August 12: Taliban spokesmen threaten the public not to vote in the upcoming presidential elections.[59]

* August 15: 2009 NATO Afghanistan headquarters bombing, A suicide car bomb explodes outside NATO headquarters in Kabul, killing at least seven and wounding almost 100. ISAF troops were reported among the wounded.

* August 25: A massive car bomb shakes Kandahar, killing at least 30 and wounding dozens as buildings collapse in the city's center. The attack comes after the first results of the presidential elections were announced. Four U.S. soldiers die in an IED explosion in southern Afghanistan bringing ISAF losses to 295, eclipsing 2008's coalition death toll of 294.

* September 4: U.S airstrike on two fuel tankers kill at least 70 people in Farah Province after it was hijacked by Taliban militants. Angry relatives of those killed claim civillians were collecting fuel from the tankers when the airstrike came.

* December 1st, the U.S. President Barack Obama announced he would send an additional 30,000 troops to help battle the Taliban insurgency. The Taliban reacted to the President’s speech by saying they will step up their fight in Afghanistan. A Taliban commander told the BBC that if more US troops came, more would die .

* Also in December 2009, after his disputed re-election, President Hamid Karzai announced to move ahead with a plan for a Loya Jirga to discuss the Taliban insurgency. The Taliban would be invited to take part in this Jirga .
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Quetta Shura

Quetta Shura is a militant organization composed of top leadership of the Afghan Taliban, based since about 2001 in Quetta in Balochistan province of Pakistan. The Shura was formed after United States led forces attacked Taliban in Afghanistan in November 2001 and the senior leadership including Mullah Mohammed Omar escaped into Pakistan. In February 2010, several of the key members of the Quetta Shura, who were dispersed in various cities and towns in Pakistan, were detained by Pakistani intelligence.Pakistan agreed to repatriate them to Afghanistan if not found to have committed crimes in Pakistan.

Accusations by Coalition Forces

Directing the insurgency in Afghanistan
Main article: Taliban insurgency

The Quetta Shura is directing the insurgency, according to General Stanley A. McChrystal. In a report to President Obama in 2009, he stated that it posed the greatest threat to his troops. He said, "Afghanistan's insurgency is clearly supported from Pakistan. The Quetta Shura conducts a formal campaign review each winter, after which Mullah Omar announces his guidance and intent for the following year." Americans want to extend the Drone strikes into Balochistan

In September 2009 US ambassador to Pakistan Anne W. Patterson said, "In the past, we focussed on Al Qaeda because they were a threat to us. The Quetta Shura mattered less to us because we had no troops in the region, now our troops are there on the other side of the border, and the Quetta Shura is high on Washington’s list."

Funding from Persian Gulf region

The Taliban leaders raise money from wealthy Persian gulf donors and direct operations in south Afghanistan. According to Lt. Gen. David Barno, the retired former commander of American forces in Afghanistan "The Quetta Shura is extremely important, they are the intellectual and ideological underpinnings of the Taliban insurgency."

Support from Pakistani intelligence

American officials believe that the Quetta Shura gets support from parts of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence, as some of its senior officials believe that leaders such as Mullah Omar would be valuable assets if the Taliban were to regain power after a withdrawal of U.S. forces from Afghanistan.  According to Abdul Rahim Mandokhel, a Pakistani senator from Zhob in northern Balochistan. "The whole war in Afghanistan is being launched from here," he said. He accused Pakistan's intelligence agencies of carrying out a "double" policy. "One thing is clear: the area is being used for cross-border offences," he said.

Pakistani response

American and western officials have long complained that Pakistan has ignored the presence of senior Taliban leadership in Quetta and done little to address this situation. Pakistani authorities have denied the existence of such an organization in Pakistan. However statements by US officials have led to fears that US would launch Drone strikes on Quetta. Jehan Zeb Jamaldini ,senior vice president of Balochistan National Party was quoted as saying that Mullah Omar and his 2nd and 3rd tier leadership were around Quetta and would be targeted by the US.


In December 2009 Pakistani government for the first time acknowledged the existence of Quetta Shura. The Defence minister of Pakistan, Ahmad Mukhtar acknowledged the presence of Quetta Shura but stated that security forces had damaged it to such an extent that it no longer posed a threat.


In February 2010, in a possible change in Pakistani policy, several members of the Quetta Shura were detained at various locations in Pakistan. Top Taliban leader Abdul Ghani Baradar who runs the Shura was captured in Karachi in a joint operation by Inter-Services Intelligence and Central Intelligence Agency. He had reportedly gone to Karachi to meet other Shura leaders who had moved to this city in recent months. A few days later two more members of the Quetta Shura, Mullah Abdul Kabir and Mullah Mohammed Yunis, the Taliban’s shadow governor of Zabul Province, were detained by Pakistani intelligence. The will be handed over to Kabul if they have not committed crimes in Pakistan.[4]


Analysts are split on the question of why Pakistan has now moved against these key leaders. Many say that Pakistan has decided it wants to control any negotiations between the Taliban and the Afghan government. However according to The News International Pakistani establishment in a major policy shift had decided not to support the Shura and arrested 9 of the 18 key members within a period of 2 weeks. The policy shift was made after pressure from US as well as a request from Saudi Royal family

Coalition efforts at negotiations

In November 2009, it was reported that the British were pushing for talks between the Afghan government and the Shura. 'Major General Richard Barrons said negotiations with the senior echelons of the Afghan Taliban leadership council – the Quetta shura – were being looked at, alongside the reintegration of insurgency fighters into civilian life.In his first interview since arriving in Afghanistan to begin talks with "moderate" Taliban fighters, Barrons said British officials were backing extensive talks between Karzai's government and the Quetta shura, which is led by Mullah Omar and is responsible for directing much of the fighting against British forces in Helmand province.'

Early January 2010, some commanders from the Quetta Shura held secret exploratory talks with Kai Eide to discuss peace terms, as emerged end of that month during the International Conference on Afghanistan in London. The Shura had sought a meeting with the United Nations envoy, which took place in Dubai on January 8, 2010. This was the first such meeting between the UN and alleged senior members of the Taliban, suggesting that peace talks had revived since exploratory contacts between emissaries of the Kabul government and the Taliban in Saudi Arabia in 2009 broke down. It was not clear how significant a faction had showed up in Dubai or how serious they were. A western official confirmed that there were "indications of splits in the Taliban over the prospect of a settlement"  . Supporters of former presidential candidate Abdullah Abdullah predicted that negotiations could fail because the Karzai government was "too weak", and other critics warned that trying to buy off insurgents created a "moral hazard" of rewarding combatants who had killed Western troops and local civilians . Taliban sources denied that there had been such a meeting and dismissed them as "baseless rumors.


The Taliban's Quetta Shura is the main leadership among Afghanistan's Taliban. According to The News International Pakistani security officials had previously regarded Afghanistan's Taliban, the Quetta Shura, and Tehrik-e-Taliban as three separate entities. They reported that Pakistani security officials had changed their policy in early 2010, and had decided to treat all three organizations as one organization, and to crack down on the Quetta Shura. The reported Nine of its eighteen leaders were captured in late February and early March of 2010.
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Tarnak Farm incident

The Tarnak Farm incident refers to the accidental killing of four Canadian soldiers and the injury of eight others from the Third Battalion of Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (3PPCLI) on the night of April 18, 2002, by an American F-16 fighter jet. The aircraft, piloted by U.S. Air National Guard Major Harry Schmidt, dropped a laser-guided 227-kilogram (500 lb) bomb on the Canadians who were conducting a night firing exercise at Tarnak Farms, near Kandahar, Afghanistan.

Description of incident

Pilots Major William Umbach and his wingman, Major Schmidt, were returning to base at night from a 10-hour patrol. Flying at 23,000 feet (7,000 m), they spotted what they believed to be surface-to-air fire. The fire was actually from a Canadian anti-tank and machine-gun exercise, which was taking place on a former Taliban firing range.

Schmidt's testimony at his Article 32 hearing was that he believed his flight leader, Major Umbach, was under attack. The radio logs show that Schmidt requested permission from flight control (AWACS) to fire his 20 mm cannons at what he believed to be an anti-aircraft or Multiple Launch Rocket System below. He received the response: "stand by" and less than two minutes later "hold fire." Four seconds after the hold fire order, Schmidt said he was "rolling in, in self defense." He dropped a laser-guided bomb thirty-five seconds later. Schmidt then said "I hope I did the right thing." Minutes later, the AWACS responded with "Friendlies, Kandahar."

The incident is explored in detail in the book Friendly Fire by Michael Friscolanti and many facets of the case are brought to light, including perceived problems in communicating the chaotic ground situation to pilots on a daily basis and the use of amphetamines to keep pilots awake during long missions. The book provides verbatim transcripts of long segments of both official boards of inquiry into the incident, as well as Major Schmidt's Article 32 hearing.

Claire Leger, mother of Canadian Sergeant (SGT) Marc Leger, speaks to
media about the Tarnak Farms incident.

The soldiers who were killed were:

* Sgt Marc D. Leger, Age: 29, from Lancaster, Ontario.
* Cpl Ainsworth Dyer, Age: 24, Montreal, Quebec.
* Pte Richard Green, Age: 21, Mill Cove, Nova Scotia.
* Pte Nathan Lloyd Smith, Age: 27, Porters Lake, Nova Scotia.

The eight wounded men include:

* Sgt Lorne Ford, Age: 33, Brampton, Ontario
* Cpl René Paquette, Age: 33, Winnipeg, Manitoba
* Cpl Brett Perry, Age: 26, Winnipeg, Manitoba
* Pte Norman Link, Age: 24, Grande Prairie, Alberta
* Cpl Brian Decaire, Age: 25, Winnipeg, Manitoba
* MCpl Curtis Hollister, Age: 29, Cupar, Saskatchewan
* MCpl Stan Clark, Age: 35, Vancouver, British Columbia
* Cpl. Shane Brennanm, Age: 28, Collingwood, Ontario

Findings of Board of Inquiry

Two Boards of Inquiry, one Canadian and one American, were held simultaneously. The two boards shared personnel and information. Canadian Brigadier-General M.J. Dumais was specialist advisor to the Canadian board and co-chair of the American board. The findings of the four-member Canadian Tarnak Farm Board of Inquiry, chaired by General Maurice Baril, were released on 2002-06-28. The Board found that the Canadian troops engaged in the night live-fire exercise had conducted their operations as authorized and in accordance with the established range procedures for the types of weapons fire. The Board concluded that the American F-16 pilots contravened established procedures and were the cause of the incident. The Board further concluded that correcting deficiencies in air coordination and control and tactical planning might have prevented the accident:

"... as much as the F-16 pilots bear final responsibility for the fratricide incident, there existed other systemic shortcomings in air coordination and control procedures, as well as mission planning practices by the tactical flying units, that may have prevented the accident had they been corrected."

Schmidt's rationale

In his official apology to the family and friends of the dead and injured Canadians, Schmidt stated: "My perception was that we had been ambushed, as we had been briefed that Taliban were expected to use ambush tactics in and around Kandahar...I believed that the projectiles posed a real and present danger to our flight and specifically to my flight lead...I believed at the time that my flight lead's transmission to 'check master arm, check laser arm,' indicated he concurred with my decision that the situation required self-defense."

Article 32 Hearing
Colonel Robert Murphy briefs the investigating officer, Colonel Patrick Rosenow (in leather jacket), about a helmet and night vision goggles during the Article 32 hearing.

During the hearing, five F-16 pilots testified, including one who had led the US Board of Inquiry. All five pilots agreed under oath that the dropping of the bomb by Schmidt was not an unreasonable action. Friscolanti summarized their comments in his book Friendly Fire:

* Major John Milton: A reasonable fighter pilot could have believed he was trapped in a threat envelope and had no choice but to drop a bomb. It was Maj. Schmidt's right to roll in self-defense, even after the "hold fire" order.
* Lieutenant Colonel Ralph Viets: Rolling in would be a reasonable response because Maj. Schmidt was reasonable to believe that he was already in the threat envelope of a rocket-based weapons system.
* Colonel David C. Nichols: A reasonably prudent F-16 pilot might have done the same thing. "Combat aviation is not a science. It's an art."
* Lieutenant Colonel Craig Fisher: There were no "significant departures from flight discipline." A reasonable fighter pilot would have egressed the area, but that doesn't mean Maj. Schmidt and Maj. Umbach were reckless.
* Major General Stephen T. Sargeant: A reasonable pilot never would have believed that the fire on the ground was a threat to his flight. And even if he did, turning, descending, and decelerating was an unreasonable reaction. However, disregarding all the alleged reckless maneuvers Maj. Schmidt made to reach the spot where he invoked self-defense, dropping a bomb at that instant was not unreasonable. In other words, if Maj. Schmidt suddenly woke up at 14,000 feet (4,300 m) and four nautical miles (7 km) away from the mystery fire, it would be reasonable to drop a bomb in self-defense.

One of the issues highlighted by the Inquiry related to the use of "go pills" (amphetamines) in combat. (Conversely, the Air Force also issues "no-go pills"; prescription sedatives used after the mission to calm down.)  In testimony it was revealed that Schmidt and Umbach were told by their superiors to use "go pills" on their missions, and blamed the incident on the drugs. This was a significant part of the defense of the two pilots. Schmidt's defense also blamed the fog of war.

Another issue that was evident, but remained largely in the background, was the quality of communications between the various coalition forces in Afghanistan.


On September 11, 2002, the U.S. pilots, Majors Schmidt and Umbach were officially charged with 4 counts of negligent manslaughter, 8 counts of aggravated assault, and 1 count of dereliction of duty. Umbach's charges were later dismissed. Schmidt's charges were reduced (on June 30, 2003) to just the dereliction of duty charge. On July 6, 2004, U.S. Lt.-Gen. Bruce Carlson found Schmidt guilty of dereliction of duty in what the U.S. military calls a "non-judicial hearing" before a senior officer. Schmidt was fined nearly $5,700 in pay and reprimanded. The reprimand, written by Lt. Gen. Carlson said Schmidt had "flagrantly disregarded a direct order," "exercised a total lack of basic flight discipline", and "blatantly ignored the applicable rules of engagement." Umbach was reprimanded for leadership failures and allowed to retire.

Here is an excerpt from the letter of reprimand given to Schmidt:

"You acted shamefully on 17 April 2002 over Tarnak Farms, Afghanistan, exhibiting arrogance and a lack of flight discipline. When your flight lead warned you to "make sure it's not friendlies" and the Airborne Warning and Control System aircraft controller directed you to "stand by" and later to "hold fire," you should have marked the location with your targeting pod. Thereafter, if you believed, as you stated, you and your leader were threatened, you should have taken a series of evasive actions and remained at a safe distance to await further instructions from AWACS. Instead, you closed on the target and blatantly disobeyed the direction to "hold fire." Your failure to follow that order is inexcusable. I do not believe you acted in defense of Major Umbach or yourself. Your actions indicate that you used your self-defense declaration as a pretext to strike a target, which you rashly decided was an enemy firing position, and about which you had exhausted your patience in waiting for clearance from the Combined Air Operations Center to engage. You used the inherent right of self-defense as an excuse to wage your own war."

In April 2006, Schmidt sued the USAF, saying that the military violated the federal Privacy Act by disclosing parts of his military record without his permission and by doing so ruined his reputation. On September 22, 2007, U.S. District Judge Jeanne Scott ruled against Schmidt, stating, "The release of Schmidt's reprimand gave the public ... insight into the way in which the United States government was holding its pilot accountable. Thus considering all of the circumstances, the disclosures at issue were clearly warranted."

This was the most serious case of fratricide or friendly fire to have been experienced by the Canadian Forces (CF) in Coalition operations since the Korean War.
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